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Translated from the original executed by the robot. Оriginal text baby-team.su

Is it permissible for a child watch TV? Harm from the TV. How many is allowed per day.

Is it permissible for the child to watch TV?Is it permissible for the child to watch TV? This issue is very capacious and complex. This question arises almost in front of every sensible parent. In the analysis of this issue intersects many factors, age, social, educational content, etc.

On this subject you will find many articles on the Internet and literature but most of them spend enough one-sided analysis of some factors missing or too categorical. In different countries there have been many studies evaluating the harm of watching TV and the results are also quite contradictory and limited. There are several reasons. Firstly many of them were held long enough on the outdated TVs. Secondly, social factors are not considered. At the party there is no possibility to completely assess the damage on many parameters because of the age of the subjects.

Even without going into the details of the issue can absolutely say that in this matter as in many other situations, the rule "everything is good when in moderation"

Since we previously identified several factors and to systematize the information will be in accordance with them.

1. The age factor.

In many publications the authors, analyzing age-related limitations, refer to the Recommendations of the world Health Organization (Hereinafter who). Who recommendations are as follows: Infants and early age (0-3 years) — the prohibition of watching TV; Preschool age (3-7 years) — up to 30 minutes per day; primary school age (7-10 years) — 30-50 minutes per day; Senior school age (11— 18 years) — 1-3 hours a day.

Thus, there are some assumptions. Official sites who the information is not available (there is only reference in the work of the doctor of psychological Sciences Elena O. Smirnova). On the official website but there is a report "Development of children at an early age in the European region: needs, trends and policy development" where almost 100 sheets describe the risk factors for the development and health of the child in the European region and only one indirect mention of watching TV. And last BUT. Who is not a scientific organization, it does not conduct any scientific research. Mostly she will oodinium and analyzes health issues. So she could sponsor such studies but judging from the official site under the auspices of the who, these studies have not been conducted.

In this figure the recommended views from the point of view of logic is quite sane and if you get them to stick to it for good.

Now let's look at more information about each age group. Breaking them into smaller groups.

Children (infants) up to 1 year. The TV definitely does not need. From him, and harm would be less likely because he won't be watching it. At this age the child receives a lot of external information. So watching the TV the child should be excluded. And child to watch TV in minimal quantities. Delete always on TV running in the background. The later the child wants to watch TV the better. Better for the psyche, for the eyes, for brain development and physical activity.

Children 1 to 2 years. Watching TV should be excluded to the maximum until the end of the period. But the child from a social point of view, should already understand what is TV and why you need it. This nothing specially to do. He'll learn it just don't need to drive from the TV. You can watch TV in small amounts. But very carefully refers to the displayed content. No advertising, loud noises, cruelty and the like. Cartoons is also better to avoid because the later the child will understand what it is the better. You can view when the child (but not with the child) educational programs (about animals etc) and optionally music.

Children 2 to 3 years. The child is introduced to the first cartoons. At this age a child can require much more attention from parents and it is sometimes necessary to distract him in any action Hadaba for 10 minutes. If you manage to avoid watching TV, then it would be okay but nothing more. The load on the child should be minimized. Therefore, the duration of a one-time viewing must be limited to 10 minutes. But with 2 to 3 viewings a day. You should very carefully consider the choice of cartoons. In no case do not try on "interestingness" of a cartoon. It is desirable that the cartoons were basic, with minimal framerate and meaning. You should very carefully relate to the position of the child in front of the TV and picture quality. Then as the child gets used to watching TV at this age can think for the rest of your life.

HERE are the BASIC RULES WHICH you should RESPECT (parents, too, by the way, because if you tell the child one thing and do another ..... anything good).

  • Watch good TV preferably with a maximum of "frequency image" and the properties and settings of brightness and contrast as close as possible to the projection. This greatly reduces eye strain.
  • The quality of the contents should be maximized. No screeners and other "rips". Preferably HD because this format creates minimum stress to the eyes. Sit down and watch with your child, you should also feel comfortable!!!
  • The lighting in the room should be normal. Not too dark and not too light.
  • TV viewing distance should be comfortable depending on the diagonal.
  • The fit should be comfortable. Not lying and not bent.
  • And no eating while watching TV.
  • Children from 3 to 4 years. Watching TV can be possible respecting the above-described rules. At this age the child already communicates with his peers and needs to be "socialized". No complete bans in this age in relation to watching TV should not be. Time a lump sum is better not to watch more than 20 - 25 minutes. As practice shows to 4 years a child can occasionally pamper feature-length cartoon.

    Children after 5 years. To view the TV at a time preferably no more than 30-35 minutes. Content in accordance with age.

    All subsequent age categories for viewing time in the day to normalize useless. To do makes sense for the situation. If previous years developed the culture of watching TV then there should be no problems.

    2. Content criterion.

    This is one of the most important criteria. As more important than "how much" and "what" look.

    Any sensible parent should be clear that it is necessary a long time exclude children from viewing advertisements, scenes of cruelty, violence, drinking and drug use, and scenes of a sexual nature (for the most fanatical parents clause - kissing to scenes of a sexual nature in the context of this article do not apply). The child "absorbs like a sponge" any incoming information and if you let him watch the fighters, we expect that it will run with a toy gun and shoot anyone. including you. But it is not projecting the mood of the game and copying the facial expressions and elements of violence viewed material.

    Of course always welcome to view the scientific programme (the lower the age the more contemplative type). Such programs can already to 5 years to form certain the interests of the average child (he zainterisuet and will "fan" of dinosaurs, the robots, and so on).

    When watching cartoons it is necessary to pay attention to age restrictions with logical assumptions. Cartoons, too, are quite cruel and "useless" even with the limitations of 3+. But with restrictions 6+ can easily show a 4 year old child.

    In any case, the "playlist" should be formed and monitored by parents and not the child's wish that somewhere happened to see a piece of the movie or the transfer is not of a suitable age.

    3. Social criteria.

    As mentioned earlier in this article, the social criterion is much important. The child must be socialized sufficiently. And a complete ban on watching TV would result in a violation of socialservices to the child.

    The right decision for the child to find sufficient challenges and opportunities. In this case, the child simply will not desire to watch TV. And you don't have anything to deny.

    4. The effect of television on vision.

    Naturally, what is the condition of all parts stilnovo body of the child is much weaker and vulnerable than that of an adult. Therefore, to compare the load on the eyes of a child and an adult cannot. And definitely proven the fact that watching TV for longer than 15 minutes, increase the load on all the elements of the visual organ.

    If the child has no predisposition to uhudshenie indicators of view, we view televisora in a REASONABLE (close to above) limits is not likely to harm. Thus it is necessary to remember about proper position of the child in front of the TV and the room lighting. It is also necessary always to remember that the vision must profanate the child regularly (ideally every six months) so as not to miss potential degradation of vision.




     
     

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