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Colds during pregnancy. What to do if you caught a cold. Dangerous drugs.

When a woman finds out about her pregnancy, she immediately feels responsible for the health of the unborn baby. Came pregnancy, and the common cold can not only spoil the few days of life mom, but also to harm her unborn child!

Pregnancy and colds is very common in the early stages of gestation of the child. Because the embryo is for the body - the body of an alien, he is, in theory, should have to deal with it. To avoid this, the immune system is weakened especially women for some time. For the embryo - is good, but for all sorts of viruses, too! A woman during pregnancy only target for the common cold! Therefore, at the first sign of pregnancy, cold medicines do not treat the usual - they can be dangerous in this state!

Recall, flu and colds usually begin very sharply - with a headache, severe weakness, fatigue, pain in the muscles of arms and legs. In addition, sometimes disturb nausea and vomiting. At 2-3 days to all these ailments tend to align themselves more and sore throat, cough and runny nose. The fever lasts for a total of 3-7 days (with influenza the temperature rises to 40 degrees, and it is accompanied by a drop in profuse sweating). These diseases often joins herpes ("fever" on his lips). Some pregnant women flu and SARS are accompanied by abdominal pain and stool disorders (diarrhea).

And if ordinary people migrated, especially on the legs, colds often reserve the fatigue, malaise and fatigue, then pregnant women everything else there are still difficulties, if necessary, on something to focus, emotional disorders - from mild depressive state to serious behavioral disorders. For example, getting out of bed, the expectant mother may experience tinnitus and dizziness, she was constantly annoying bright lights, loud noises, working TV.

Without the advice of a doctor not to take any medications, even aspirin, and large doses of vitamin C. Your doctor will advise you what cold medicines are safe during pregnancy, and which can not be taken. No medicines, certainly not cure the common cold, but they can reduce the discomfort.

If a pregnant woman is not allergic, then a good way to strengthen natural immunity could be herbal teas. Before you choose one or another collection, it is better to consult a gynecologist, because not all herbs are approved for use during pregnancy. An excellent remedy for colds during pregnancy may be fortified with rosehip tea. This drink is the champion on the content of vitamin C and helps to protect the body from the cold, and actively deal with existing disease. For greater effect is good to drink this tea with honey and currant jam. Prevention of colds during pregnancy may be present in the diet and the other champions of the content of vitamin C: pepper, lemon, sauerkraut, cranberry. Very useful for colds during pregnancy cranberry juice, which has antipyretic, a slight diuretic and antibacterial effect.

At a cold well help local heating. To do this, use the blue lamp (if available) or just heated in a pan salt, pour into a cotton sock. An easy way to warm up your nose - to attach to the sides of the nose hot boiled egg. Look, not to burn! You can make a compress on the neck and using a dilute alcoholic solution of calendula or simply dilute vodka. Sometimes compress night raises man to his feet. With a cold definitely need to drink more. If the doctor does not forbid you to drink plenty of fluids, drink tea with lemon and honey, rosehip and chamomile teas. Do inhalations using sage, chamomile and St. John's wort. These procedures will soften inflamed nasal passages will help avoid a cough. A simple and effective procedure, which, incidentally, will help the common cold: take a medium onion and rub it on the grate or crush in chesnokodavke. Add the pulp in a teapot and breathe through the nose pairs bulbs. This procedure may be performed twice a day. Very good help. Checked.

Colds during pregnancy can be treated and tested methods of traditional medicine: plenty of drink; warming nose with warm salt or boiled egg; inhalations with herbal infusions or soda; warm milk with butter and honey; gargling with infusion of chamomile or sage. To go faster healing process, it is important not to panic, strictly follow the doctor's recommendations and believe that everything will be fine!

If all preventive measures to nothing lead, pregnant and sick, you should not immediately panic. Be sure to consult with your doctor about the need for treatment and to begin treatment at the first symptoms of colds. Acceptance of any drugs can be started only after consultation with the doctor, having carefully studied all their contraindications and side effects.

Why not take conventional medicines during pregnancy?

The drugs are especially dangerous during early pregnancy. The fact that in the first 6-8 weeks of formed bodies and embryo, and some substances can cause congenital malformations. In addition, the child's body is unable to defend himself: his "cleansing" of the system (liver, kidney) are not yet ready to cope with this task. In the 16 weeks to finally form the placenta begins to act as a barrier, and some drugs are deprived of opportunities to penetrate into the body of the child. By the way why it is considered that in the second half of pregnancy is safer to take medications.

It is well known that tetracycline and its derivatives in early pregnancy may cause a child malformations. In the later stages it affects the growth of the child and on the formation of the rudiments of teeth, which is why children often there is a strong caries. As for chloramphenicol, it reflects badly on the future of the blood the baby, and large doses of streptomycin may cause deafness.

Aspirin is known that this drug does not cause malformations in babies. It can not be taken for another reason: like all anti-inflammatory drugs, it acts on the heart and kidneys of the child. That is why, if you have a cold or you have a headache, better to use paracetamol.

Reserpine usually use it to reduce high blood pressure. However, it should be remembered that long the drug can cause depression in the newborn, lead to excessive sleepiness, and even so-called "reserpine" runny nose. Fortunately, these symptoms disappear within a week after the birth.

Analgin World Health Organization (WHO) does not recommend taking this medication or adults or children, nor even to pregnant women. The fact that it is very bad for human blood, including the very young.

What drugs can be taken during pregnancy?

From medicines you can safely use paracetamol to eliminate temperature and headache. To minimize scratchy throat allowed to use Faringosept lingual tablets, one tablet three times a day.

Almost all medications have contraindications and side effects are usually about this question in the abstract. If the medication prescribed pregnant, it turns out that it is taken immediately two men, one of them - a tiny creature, it is not able to defend themselves. It's the need to protect against unwanted actions medication.

Give up the idea of self, and the ability to select drugs provide professionals: doctors know which drugs can harm the baby, and what - no. Remember that at different times of the same drug is more or less a danger to the child. The most "gentle" period is the beginning of pregnancy.

What medications and forms of treatment are dangerous during pregnancy?

We must know that the combination of pregnancy and cold exclude a number of medications: tetracycline antibiotics, tinctures on alcohol, immune stimulants that increase blood pressure and heart rate, fever. Even soar feet and put mustard is strictly forbidden!

Discard the X-ray procedure, especially in the first trimester, when organs and systems are formed baby. If this research is still necessary, the doctor is obliged to take precautions, such as during an X-ray at the dentist on his stomach woman put a lead apron.

The following are the most dangerous drugs for pregnant women and their consequences for the fetus:

Streptomycin - the fetus develops deafness. 
Disulfiram - spontaneous abortion, splitting of extremities, the clubfoot. 
Quinine - mental retardation, ototoxicity, congenital glaucoma, anomalies of the genitourinary system, the death of the fetus. 
Thalidomide - limb defects, heart malformations, gastrointestinal tract. 
Retinoids (isotretinoin, Roaccutane, etretinate, tigazon, acitretin) - anomalies of the extremities, craniofacial departments, heart malformations and Central nervous system, urogenital system, hypoplasia of the ears. 
Vitamin a - defects cardio-vascular system, ears, etc. in doses over 10,000 IU per day. 
Lithium - congenital heart disease, goiter, hypotonia, neonatal cyanosis. 
Diazepam - hypothermia, hypotension, split and anomalies of the extremities. 
Imipramine - violations of the respiratory organs, defects of the extremities, tachycardia, urinary retention, neonatal distress syndrome. 
 Nortriptyline - neonatal distress syndrome, cyanosis, hypertension, tremors, urinary retention. 
Aspirin - neonatal hemorrhage, intracranial hemorrhage in premature infants, persistent hypertension of the pulmonary artery. 
Indomethacin - neonatal hypertension pulmonary arteries, impaired cardiopulmonary adaptation, the death of the fetus. 
Warfarin - embryopathy, developmental delay, optic nerve atrophy, convulsions, bleeding, leading to death. 
Phenobarbital - a hearing impairment, CNS depression, anemia, tremor, withdrawal syndrome, hypertension. 
Phenytoin - anomalies of the extremities and craniofacial Department, mental retardation, congenital heart disease, bleeding. 
Sodium valproate - spina bifida. 
Ethosuximide - Mongoloid appearance, short neck, extra nipple, developmental delay, dermoid fistula. 
Azathioprin - stenosis lungs, polydactyly, facial dysmorphogenesis. 
Busulfan - intrauterine and postnatal development, clouding of the cornea. 
Methotrexate is the absence of frontal bone, fusion of the skull bones, abortions, delayed postnatal development. 
Vincristine is a small fetus, abnormal position of the fetus.


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